Message from the President & CEO
Our “friends” at the California Supreme Court have possibly put businesses who use 1099 Independent Contractors in added jeopardy beyond “just” costing you more money. Here is the latest news regarding the AB5 Law. Please read and protect yourself and your business. Hopefully, you are using the ABC Test below.
The California Supreme Court ruled earlier this month that its April 2018 decision changing the test for determining whether a worker is an independent contractor or employee applies retroactively. The latest ruling opens California businesses up to millions of dollars of liability. The state high court’s April 2018 decision in Dynamex Operations West, Inc. v. Superior Court held that whether a worker is an employee for purposes of the California Wage Orders is determined by the “ABC test.”
Under the ABC test, a worker is presumed to be an employee unless the hiring entity establishes all three of the following conditions:
A. The person is free from the control and direction of the hiring entity in connection with the performance of the work, both under the contract for the performance of the work and in fact.
B. The person performs work that is outside the usual course of the hiring entity’s business.
C. The person is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, or business of the same nature as that involved in the work performed.
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“Are They Going to do it Again?”
“Amazing!” “Wow!” “I learned so much about Digital Marketing, and the 1 on 1 support is on-going.” “The most valuable hour I have spent for marketing my business ever.” These were just a few of the comments I heard at the conclusion of the Digital Marketing 101 classes last week held at the new Clearsuites. The Chamber sponsored three digital marketing business owners who shared a fraction of the information that has made each one of them successful...digital business owners sharing FOR FREE!!! It is a team of pros working together as The Marketing House - they helped each attendee with personal ideas and where to get information online to accelerate business growth. The Marketing House is the only place (and people I know) that has this depth of knowledge in Lodi, encompassing strategy, branding, design, technology, advertising, and all things digital. They are experience & ability to create expertise that can move your business forward.
To answer the question in the headline. Yes, they will be back in mid-April. A date will be announced before too long; keep watching the Weekly Connection for that date. You have not lost out… but you have lost out of two months of helping your on-line business grow. Yes, they ARE that good.
This Dynamex decision came as a large surprise to California businesses. For decades, California courts and state agencies had applied what is known as the Borello test for determining whether a worker was an independent contractor or employee for labor and employment purposes.
The multi-factor test had been established in S.G. Borello & Sons, Inc. v Dept. of Industrial Relations in 1989 and looked primarily at whether the hiring entity had a “right to control” the manner in which the worker performed the contracted service.
Although Borello was technically not a Wage Order case, because the courts and California state agencies had relied on Borello to determine whether workers were properly classified for purposes of claims under the Wage Orders, any business seeking advice or guidance on this issue would be told to look to Borello and would have relied on that multi-factor test.
Some businesses staked their entire business model on Borello and its wide acceptance by courts and state enforcement agencies as the applicable test for purposes of employment claims. Dynamex overturned decades of precedent in one fell swoop.
Vazquez v. Jan-Pro
Now, employers have a second surprise—on January 14, 2021, the California Supreme Court held in Vazquez v. Jan-Pro Franchising International, Inc. that Dynamex is retroactive because the decision did not change any “settled rule” about what test applied to the Wage Orders and doing so is not “improper or unfair” to employers.
The court explicitly rejected Jan-Pro’s argument that Dynamex should not be retroactive because it, and others, had reasonably relied on Borello in determining how to classify its workers, reasoning that employers had no reasonable basis for relying on Borello for Wage Order claims and claiming that Dynamex was not a “sharp” departure from the basic approach of Borello.
Even if the court is technically correct that Borello was not a Wage Order case, the court’s decision unfortunately does not reflect reality. Worse, it opens up businesses that acted in good faith under the universally accepted Borello standard to millions of dollars of exposure.
The court’s Vazquez opinion states Dynamex applies retroactively to all cases “not yet final” as of the date of the Dynamex decision. Most claims for unpaid wages under the California Labor Code carry a three-year statute of limitations that can be extended to four years as long as the plaintiff also includes a claim under California’s Unfair Competition Law, plus the penalties that can be added to those claims under both the Labor Code and the Private Attorneys General Act.
A business that relied in good faith on Borello can now be liable for not following the ABC test before the Dynamex decision was ever issued.
Exemptions from Dynamex
AB 5 (Gonzalez; D-San Diego), signed on September 18, 2019, codified the Dynamex decision and extended it to several additional California employment laws while creating industry-specific exemptions. AB 2257 (Gonzalez; D-San Diego), passed last year, added additional exemptions and made clarifications to AB 5.
For businesses that are exempted from Dynamex under AB 5, the Legislature should make it clear that the exemptions also apply retroactively. This would ensure that at least some businesses that reasonably relied on the once universally accepted Borello standard are spared from costly litigation.
Central Valley Community Bank Expands Mid-Valley Commercial Team
Central Valley Community Bank announced the expansion of its Mid-Valley commercial team covering San Joaquin, Stanislaus and Merced Counties. The team of five is led by Monica Givargis, Senior Vice President, Market Manager, and includes: Djo Mwamba, Brian Campbell, Becky Stokes and Michele Hood. CVCB’s existing relationships in the Mid-Valley region are growing so they are proud to invest in a well-established and dedicated team of commercial banking specialists to not only assist those relationships but also expand new business opportunities in these important areas for the Bank. Learn more